Brazilian cultural attitudes relating to family are more
pronounced when they are caring for children with disabilities.
Watson, et al (2000), write that the strong bonds between
members of the extended family and even neighbors and friends
enable many Brazilians to care for children with disabilities
within the protective environment of their own home.
In fact, children with special needs are rarely expected
to be independent and to develop self-sufficiency, and caregivers
do everything for them. There is a sense of fatalism associated
with the circumstances of having a disabled family member
(that is, that s/he is a “special” gift from God)
that is derived from the strong religious orientation of most
Brazilians (Watson, et al, 2000).
| Family is
the foundation of the Brazilian social structure. The
nuclear family has strong ties to the extended family,
which includes cousins, aunts, uncles, grandparents, godparents
(padrinhos) and close friends.
| The family
unit is very diverse but, generally, it tends to be small
It is quite
common to find three generations living under the same
Married children tend to live in a house or apartment
near the parents.
such as the grandparents, parents, married children and
other relatives may live in different parts of the country.
brought up as an integral part of the family unit and
are expected to contribute to the overall welfare of the
not expected to contribute to the welfare of the whole
indulged and welcomed. They participate in most adult
separate activities from the adults.
are expected to live at home until marriage.
are encouraged to leave the nuclear family and become
independent before marriage.
relationships are important.
is encouraged. Self-reliance and independence is encouraged.
and friendship play a major role in both social and business
||Merit is of
greater importance than interpersonal relationships in
relatives in nursing facilities is unusual. Grandparents
usually live with their children and may participate in
community activities for the elderly.
||It is common
practice to place frail elderly relatives in nursing facilities.